The new restrictions imposed by the Generalitat Valenciana to try to contain the second wave of infections are causing a flood of Temporary Employment Regulation Files (ERTE) in the economic fabric of the province of Castellón, especially in the services sector.
If the beginning of October already represented an exponential leap in terms of the ERTE request is concerned by companies in the province of Castellón, since the number of affected people was multiplied by four compared to September, the data corresponding to November still they are more discouraging.
In the last 15 days , a total of 78 new ERTEs have been requested in the province of Castellón, affecting 530 workers. In other words, every day 38 people have been forced to regulate temporary employment, according to the latest data provided by the Department of Sustainable Economy.
The rebound in ERTE registered at the beginning of November is greater than that experienced after the end of the summer tourism campaign. So, during the first two weeks of October, a total of 325 workers in the province of Castellón were affected by the 24 new ERTEs presented. A month later, in the first two weeks of November, the number of ERTE has been 78 and the affected workers reach a total of 530.
THE SERVICES SECTOR CUP LOS ERTE NOVEMBER
The regulation of employment in the service sector has had a special effect, with a hotel industry that returns to work with more restrictive measures in terms of capacity and hours. In fact, more than 90% of the ERTEs presented in November are by companies in the service sector , specifically 71 of the total of 78 requested.
It is also the service sector that accounts for the highest volume of workers affected by employment regulation in the first half of November, with 75% of the total and 397 people who have been forced to return to the ERTE in the Castellón regions. With the latest data published by the Ministry of Sustainable Economy, the accumulated data in terms of temporary employment regulation files requested and affected workers reach figures that are difficult to imagine before the pandemic.
From March 12 to November 16, a total of 8,162 ERTE have been requested in the province of Castellón, affecting 45,953 workers.
The number of files requested in the Castellón regions represents almost 12% of the total of those registered in the whole of the Valencian Community, which accumulates a total of 68,714 ERTE since last March 12. As for the affected workers, the province adds 10%, since in the total of the Community there are 463,824 since the outbreak of the pandemic.
In the absence of knowing the evolution of workers in ERTE in the coming weeks, and awaiting the data provided by the Ministry of Inclusion and Social Security in early December, the trend shows a clear acceleration in the affectation of the files of the hand in hand with the second wave of infections and the restrictions adopted to stop this escalation, which involve a reduction in capacity of between 30% and 50%.
THE HOSPITALITY DEMANDS URGENT HELP
It should be remembered that the fence around the hotel industry and the effects of the new restrictions on capacity and timetables have caused the sector to take to the streets to raise its voice and demand a series of urgent economic measures so as not to die suffocated in the coming weeks.
The employers of the hotel industry in the province of Castellón, Ashotur and Ashocas, demanded last Thursday a support plan with real measures that allow the survival of jobs and hospitality companies in a protest that was called throughout Spain.
The hospitality sector requires the central government to coordinate with the autonomous communities and the local administration for the application of economic measures to alleviate the economic effects of the pandemic and the declaration of a state of alarm. Thus, the sector requests the application of direct aid, non-refundable, for the survival of companies and the self-employed during the pandemic. In addition, they also demand the application of European funds and a Strategic Plan for Gastronomy throughout the national territory.
THE REST OF THE SECTORS RESIST THE SECOND WAVE
The services sector takes over both the files and the workers affected by the new ERTE in November, while the rest of the economic activities, in general, resist the effects of this second wave of the pandemic, at least to date.
The temporary employment regulation files (ERTE) tiptoe in agriculture, construction and industry in the first half of November , according to the latest data published by the Ministry of Sustainable Economy.
In agriculture, a new ERTE has only been presented in the first half of November, in the same way that it has occurred in construction.For its part, in the industrial sector there have been five ERTE that have been requested, as collected by statistics from the Conselleria. In fact, it is the service sector that leads the ERTE request in the Castellón regions with a total of 71, 91% of those processed in the province.
Regarding the number of workers, it is also the service sector that accounts for the majority, with 397 affected, representing 75% of the total.
Industry follows in volume of worker involvement, with 125, while in the construction sector there are six professionals included in an ERTE. For its part, in agriculture, only two new workers have been affected by the temporary employment regulation at the beginning of November.
The construction sector is being, along with agriculture, the most resilient against Covid. In fact, the latest data from the Observatory of the Construction Labor Foundation show that the number of Social Security affiliates in the construction sector has grown by 2.9% in the last year until the end of August, with a total figure of 15,476 workers, that is 450 more than 12 months ago.
In addition, the number of companies also resists. In the province of Castellón there are 1,857 companies in this sector, that is, 9.9% of the total in the Valencian Community, with only a 0.6% decline in the last year.
The future of this sector, as well as the rest of the economic activity, will be linked to the evolution of the pandemic as well as the arrival of European funds, which will be crucial to be able to sustain the business fabric at a time of crisis such as the current.