“That year a very serious war broke out in Citerior Hispania Celtiberians had gathered up to 35,000 men, a number never before reached and Roman military and politician Fulvio Flaco commanded this province, and having heard that the youth of The Celtiberians were armed, he also gathered as many auxiliary troops as he could from the allied peoples.
This is how the Roman historian Tito Livio recounted how the defeat of the Celtiberian people and the destruction of more than a hundred of their settlements and fortified cities was forged during the campaigns of the generals of Quinto Fulvio Flaco and Tiberio Sempronio Graco (2nd century BC) .
Cerro Castarreño where the remains of the Celtic ‘oppidum’ of Olmillos de Sasamónault are located
The technology that restored honor to the Celts
Now, the book El oppidum celtiberico-romano de Los Rodiles , written by María Luisa Cerdeño Serrano (Complutense University of Madrid), Marta Chordá Pérez (Center for Celtiberian Studies of Segeda), Teresa Sagardoy (Board of Communities of Castilla-La Mancha) and Emilio.
Gamo Pazos (National Museum of Roman Art), and soon to appear, reconstructs, through the study of materials extracted in five excavation campaigns, the history of one of these populations. One of the largest, a kind of capital with no known name that was based on a hill in the current term of Cubillejo de la Sierra (Molina de Aragón, Guadalajara).
It was about onefortified population (oppidum) that dominated a large strategic area, between Guadalajara and Zaragoza. The publication now reveals how it was created, what its inhabitants ate, what dishes or weapons they used and even how it burned because of the war.
The isolated hill of Cubillejo attracted the attention of specialists because it occupied a central position in the ancient Celtiberia, it rose close to mining operations and was located on a fertile plain.
Furthermore, it seemed to be one of the largest in the area (about five hectares) and promised a ” monumental defensive system and interesting urban planning, which surely acted as the backbone of the region.”
The oppidum stretched out on a three-tiered plateau, one kilometer long and about 320 meters wide.