The debate this Thursday in Congress on the eighth educational law of democracy has ended with the deputies of the PP , Vox and Ciudadanos shouting “Freedom, freedom, freedom!” and slapping their hands on the railing of the Hemicycle while the deputies of the PSOE , United We Can and their nationalist partners tried to silence them with applause .
It was a kind of war to see who made the most noise. Let’s see if the noise of some silenced the demands of others. The plenary session has stopped for about three minutes. It was a shouting match.
Standing, applauding with great decision, the Minister of Education, Isabel Celaá, and the second vice president of the Government, Pablo Iglesias .
All a metaphor of the political conflict that the educational system suffers for decades.
A reflection of the two resurrected Spains materialized in the so-called Celaá law , which has only aggravated the differences with its last minute changes on Spanish, concerted education or the school that separates by sex.
There has been no possibility to understand each other, to bring positions closer, to dialogue.
The PP deputy Sandra Moneo has accused the PSOE of having “lost its sense of state party to stay in power” and has warned that its formation will use “all the instruments” at its disposal to stop the norm.
The Community of Madrid and Murcia have already said that they will try to avoid its application. Predictably it will happen as with the Wert Law , which was not applied by the socialist regions.
UNITED WE CAN: “DEFEND PRIVILEGES, NOT FREEDOM”
On the other hand, PSOE deputy Mari Luz Martínez Seijo has accused the center-right of “using the word freedom in a biased way” because, she has said, “they defend freedom only for those who have resources.”
It is the same argument made by Joan Mena , from United We Can – “What they are defending is not called freedom, it is called privileges and class distinction” – but these parties forget that the concerted school, which is threatened by Lomloe, is the way that precisely allows the most disadvantaged students to learn in quality schools.
That is why Joaquín Robles , from Vox, has warned that this rule is “the end of the role of the social elevator of education”, because “it condemns certain social classes to receive an infamous mush that will curtail social promotion.”
The freedom of choice of center by families, included in article 27 of the Constitution, has been the center on which the Lomloe debate has revolved. This freedom is violated, say the PP, Cs and Vox, because “it leads to the concerted disappearance.”
While families and teachers of this educational model where 25% of the students study went to Congress to demonstrate at the door – the president of the PP, Pablo Casado , has come to sign against the norm – Martínez Seijo has snapped to the center-right: ”
Is it freedom or indoctrination what is done in the courtyards of concerted centers today, where they use minors with the reading of manifestos against the law? ” His position is surprising because the Government has denied that it was indoctrination when the independentistas read in Catalan schools manifestos in favor of the freedom of the politicians imprisoned after the sentence of 1-O.
THE TIMING OF THE LAW
The plenary session of the Congress of Deputies has debated this Thursday the Government’s educational reform project and in the afternoon it will vote on the opinion approved last Friday by the Education Commission after more than 10 hours of discussion.
The text must be supported by an absolute majority -176 deputies- as it is an organic law. Later it will go to the Senate and then it will return to Congress, where it will be definitively ratified. The law is expected to be approved in February.
The majority of deputies who have supported the norm have recognized that it is not the law that they would have liked to do and that many things remain in the air.
Even United We can have pulled the PSOE by the ears for not having agreed to lower the ratios or to pick up the Ethics subject Sergi de Miquel , from JxCAT , has summed up the day like this:
“We cannot feel particularly satisfied with what we are going to do here The idea is that a law be approved that would be a bit of all so as not to change it as soon as another party comes to the Government. One side is going to celebrate this law a lot with euphoria and another side is not. It is a failure of all.
Marta Martín , from Ciudadanos, pointed out that “this law has managed to anger everyone.” “It is mud, untimely and with dubious democratic guarantees, it represents a dangerous lowering of the level and a coercion of fundamental rights. It cannot collect more outrages,” he said.
The norm has been processed without hearing the educational community and without trying to obtain consensus. For this reason, as soon as the debate was held, all kinds of aggrieved groups have emerged.
The bill has been substantially modified during the amendment phase, discussed in record time and in parallel to the negotiation of the General State Budgets for 2021. The articles have incorporated a large part of the claims of United We Can and the parties nationalists.
Proof of this is that the ERC deputy Dolors Bassa has celebrated: “We have never reached such a high level of competence. The law establishes that the vehicular language is decided according to the Statute and the Catalan Education Law, which say that Catalan it is the vehicular language “.
The most controversial amendment is the one that removes the reference to Spanish as the official language of the State and language in education, as well as the consideration of Spanish. The PP, Cs, Vox and UPN have already announced that they will take this law to the Constitutional Court and popular regions such as Madrid and Murcia have said that they will not apply it.
Another of its controversial lines is the asphyxia of the concerted one, because the measures collected “lead to the disappearance” of this model where 25% of the students study, according to the sector.
Late this Wednesday an unusual alliance was forged between JxCat and the PNV and the PP, Vox and Cs to present an amendment that provides an oxygen balloon to this network. If ERC abstained, the transaction would go ahead, since it only needs to be supported by a simple majority. But the PNV deputy Josune Gorospe has advanced that the amendment will not come out because the Republicans will vote against it.
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Other controversial points are the withdrawal of the concerts to the school that separates by sex or the prohibition to cede public land to the concerted school. In addition, Religion will not count for the average grade and priority will be given to affective-sexual education, shielding the LGTBI workshops against those who want to object to the parental pin .
The text also includes measures that make it easier for students to obtain ESO and Baccalaureate degrees and restricts repetitions of the course to two in all compulsory education (from six to 16 years old) and a new learning methodology more based on competencies and projects